What is Habitus
Habitus is a term coined by French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu to describe the ingrained habits, skills, and dispositions that shape an individual's behavior and perception of the world. It is formed through socialization and is deeply influenced by an individual's social and cultural background, as well as their experiences and interactions with the world around them (Habitus – Online Lexikon für Psychologie & Pädagogik, o. D.).
Habitus is not fixed or innate but is constantly evolving through an individual's experiences and interactions within their social environment. It is also shaped by factors such as class, gender, ethnicity, and education.
According to Bourdieu, habitus plays a significant role in maintaining social hierarchies and inequalities. Individuals with similar habitus are more likely to understand and relate to each other, while those with different habitus may struggle to communicate effectively.
Understanding habitus is important in fields such as sociology, anthropology, and cultural studies, as it helps explain how individuals navigate and make sense of their social world.
Overall, habitus is a complex and dynamic concept that plays a significant role in shaping individual behavior and social structures (Märtin, 2019; Krais & Gebauer, 2017).
Bordieus four types of capital
Bourdieu defined four types of capital that contribute to a person's habitus:
- Economic capital,
- Social capital,
- Cultural capital,
- Symbolic capital.
He states that the more a person has in each of these areas, the higher their rank in society (unirostock, 2019).
- Habitus is the concept describing an individuals appearance, including their lifestyle, language, clothing, taste or wealth by that the persons rank in society can be determined.
- Term Habitus was introduced and heavily shaped by French Sociologist Pierre Bordieu.Term Habitus was introduced and heavily shaped by French Sociologist Pierre Bordieu.
- Pierre Bordieu defines four types of Habitus Capital: Economic-, social-, culutral- and symbolic capital, the more of each capital one has, the higher an individuals rank in society.
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