- creation of a safe employee voice implying that managers need to address the culture issue before introducing a participative leadership style.
- Allowing employees to participate in decisions through a participative leadership style enhance risk performance.
- The participative leadership style supports the empowerment of middle- and lower-level members of an organization facilitate “derived judgment” and supports strategic responsiveness that allows companies to more rapidly identify and hedge potential threats and exploit potential opportunities.
Sax, Johanna; Torp, Simon S. (2015): Speak up! Enhancing risk performance with enterprise risk management, leadership style and employee voice. In: Management Decision 53 (7), S. 1452–1468. DOI: 10.1108/MD-10-2014-0625.