Competence in research is measured in various ways, as it encompasses a combination of knowledge, skills, and attitude. Different competence frameworks have been developed to help define and measure this concept. One such framework is Heyse's (2017) which defines competence as the sum of knowledge, attitude, and skills possessed by an individual. It is important to note that these three aspects of competence can be learned and demonstrated.
Kompetenz Atlas - Learn more about Competences meassured and required in the German Business World
Based on the meta-competencies, the competency model is subdivided into four basic and fundamental competencies, which form 64 key competencies derived in detail. From these, cross-cutting competencies and competency requirement profiles can be created.
Tips and Tricks on how to show competence
Things to keep in mind when you want to be perceived as a competent person:
no unnecessary ballast, namely the following seven characteristics:
- reinforcers ("I really didn't want to do it," etc.)
- hesitations ("my daughter ... uh ... never went there," etc.)
- hedging attempts ("you know", "pretty much“ etc.)
- exaggerated polite phrases ("highly esteemed Mr. Müller," etc.)
- overcorrect language (e.g. pronunciation of the word "king" as "Könik" instead of "Könich")
- exaggerated emphasis and intonation (questioning, raising the voice of the voice during statements, etc.)
- catch-all questions ("isn't that right?", "that's an interesting interesting area, isn't it?" etc.).
"Imitation is the sincerest form of flattery.“ ~ Oscar Wilde
Mirror body language, facial expressions etc.
Techniques for increasing your popularity.
The three methods that are crucial to achieving our goals: — other enhancement — opinion conformity — self-enhancement
If you want to convince someone, start with your strongest argument, which is immediately obvious, and conclude with the second strongest argument, which can be more complex your counterpart has enough time to think about it. In terms of good and bad news this means: Start with the best one, let the weaker ones follow in its slipstream, and shine with the finish with the second best.
Another very important thing when making a attempt towards someone and in the best way – want to convince somebody: Make sure you make a positive overall impression, but especially on your popularity and attractiveness.
Flatter, build a "reservoir of good will" early on. Offer compliments seemingly grudgingly ("You probably don't want to hear this, but...") and specifically address. Show respect, genuine interest, and ask for for advice. Talk about things that are important to your counterpart. Do your counterpart a favor or give them a gift. Match posture, choice of words, pace of speech, etc. Express the opinion of the other person (in important matters!) before the other person does. Be firm when you agree; otherwise, show uncertainty.. Let the other person convince you. Sympathetic self-presentation Highlight any common ground. Disclose personal details, but nothing intimate.
Face Pay attention to the decisive features (darker eyebrows and eyebrows and eyelashes, smooth, flawless and tanned skin, etc.).
Body For men (face is more important than figure):The most decisive factor is the upper body and there the WCR, i.e. the ratio of waist to chest (classic V-shape). Proportion is more important than mere slenderness. The average slim figure is the most attractive. In women (figure is more important than face): The BMI and therefore the slenderness of the entire body are decisive. The ideal waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is also important.
Distance It is also interesting, that attractiveness plays the smallest role at a medium distance, i.e. at a distance of around 1.50 meters from the other person, it plays the smallest role. Not surprisingly, it plays the most important role at close proximity, but curiously also at a distance of 2.50 meters or more.plays a significantly greater role.mpetency.
Heyse, V. (2017). KODE® und KODE®X – Kompetenzen erkennen, um Kompetenzen zu entwickeln und zu bestärken. In J. Erpenbeck, L. von Rosenstiel, S. Grote & W. Sauter (Hrsg.), Handbuch Kompetenzmessung: Erkennen, verstehen und bewerten von Kompetenzen in der betrieblichen, pädagogischen und psychologischen Praxis (3. überarbeitete und erweiterte Aufl.) (S. 245–273). Stuttgart: Schäffer-Poeschel Verlag.
Jones, E. E. (1989): The Framing of Competence. In: Pers Soc Psychol Bull 15 (4), S. 477–492. DOI: 10.1177/0146167289154001.
KODE (2017). Der KODE® Kompetenz Atlas– 64 präzise definierte Kompetenzen. https://www.kodekonzept.com/wissensressourcen/kode-kompetenzatlas/
Nasher, J. (2017). Überzeugt! Wie Sie Kompetenz zeigen und Menschen für sich gewinnen. Business 2017. Campus Verlag. http://www.content-select.com/index.php?id=bib_view&ean=9783593435800